Baden is a region (Anbaugebiet) for quality wine in Germany, located in the historical region of Baden in southwestern Germany, which today forms part of the federal state of Baden-Württemberg. Under German wine legislation, Baden and Württemberg are separate wine regions. With 15,906 hectares (39,300 acres) under vine in 2008, Baden is Germany's third largest wine region but seems to be much less known on export markets in comparison to many smaller German regions, and in comparison to the neighboring region of Alsace, which is of similar size. Winemaking cooperatives are very common in Baden, number around 100, and are responsible for 85% of the region's production.
Vineyards on Lake Constance are the southernmost vineyards in Germany. Baden is Germany's longest wine region, approximately 400 km (250 miles) and reaching from the border of Franken in the north to Lake Constance in the south, and is primarily situated on the eastern bank of river Rhine. Much of Baden is situated in the Rhine rift, which is protected by the Black Forest and the Vosges mountains to the west of Rhine, and is therefore Germany's warmest location. The wines are usually more full-bodied and higher in alcohol than wines from other German regions.
Grape varieties of the Pinot family are responsible for almost 55% of the vineyards of Baden, with Spätburgunder (Pinot noir) covering 36.8% of Baden's vineyards in 2008 or 5,855 hectares (14,470 acres), Grauburgunder (Pinot gris) 10.5% and Weißburgunder (Pinot blanc) 7.3%. Baden thus has larger total plantations of these three Pinot varieties than any other German wine region. Correspondingly, Riesling (7.3% in 2008) plays a smaller role than in most other regions, although it is more common around some villages. Müller-Thurgau is grown on 17.2% of Baden's vineyards, and plantings have decreased considerably in recent years to be replaced by Spätburgunder and other red grape varieties. Gutedel (Chasselas) is also grown on 6.9% of the vineyard surface, making Baden practically the only region in Germany where Gutedel wines are produced, and the region accounts for over 97% of Germany's plantings of this variety. In total, there are 44% red grape varieties in Baden, and 56% white.
Could monks and abbots be wrong? Not really, and that is why the rich and large monasteries and convents of the lower Alp region had vineyards and wine cellars in Hagnau since centuries. Already then people knew the value of the Hagnau lake wine. Today 145 hectares of vineyards are cultivated on the south exposure of Lake Constance. Profiting from this sunny location and mild climate are 60 vintner families that since 1881 are in a vintner association that was founded under the leadership of priest Heinrich Hansjakob. Grape varieties that flourish here are: Müller-Thurgau, Weißburgunder, Grauer Burgunder, blauer Spätburgunder, Kerner, Bacchus, Regent and St. Laurent. Since two decades the environmentally friendly way of viniculture has been practiced. High quality results have been rewarded year after year. The distinguished banner wines sampled at the Winzerhaus--an historical wine cellar with its imposing barrels areavailable through the 3W Wine Shop.